Welcome to the NFB of SC!

2018 NFB of SC State Convention

The 62nd Annual State Convention of the National Federation of the Blind of South Carolina is drawing near. The 2018 NFB of SC state Convention will be held the weekend of August 10, 11, and 12 at the Marriott Hotel in Columbia SC. We have not held a state convention in Columbia since 2015 and I hope you will be making plans to attend! This will be our best Convention to date.


General Convention registration and pre-registration pick-up will begin at 1:00 pm Friday, August 10, in the hotel lobby. The total registration package is $100 (if you do not pre-register by August 3). This includes the Luncheon and the Banquet as part of the total registration package. If you pre-register, the cost will be $80 for the entire Convention. The NFB of SC board of directors again voted to offer a discount for families with children regarding the pre-registration fee. Parents will pay the $80 pre-registration fee and each child eighteen years of age and younger will pay $20. The board also voted to offer a discount to college students in the amount of $50 during the preregistration period.


Information about the pre-registration process is enclosed in this letter. There is also a pre-registration form provided for your convenience. Simply complete the form and mail it to the State Office with your check or money order for $80 per person, and pick up your packet at the Convention. Look on the Upcoming Events page for the preregistration form.


It will be necessary to register for the convention to be eligible for the special room rate of $109 per night. In addition to the room rates there will be a tax, which at present is 14 percent.


Exhibit tables will be set up by 10:00 am on Friday. Should you want exhibit space, there will be a $125 charge ($50 for NFB of SC chapters and divisions) and an application to complete. David Houck is in charge of all exhibits. Any questions pertaining to exhibits should be directed to him at (803) 254-3777.   The Reception and party will begin at 7:30 p.m. on Friday, August 10.


Division and Committee meetings will be held on Friday as well as the third quarter meetings of the Rocky Bottom Board of Directors and the NFB of SC Board of Directors. We will have a free continental breakfast on Saturday and Sunday mornings which this year will be in the convention session meeting room.


The Convention will be called to order at 9:00 a.m., Saturday, August 11. As usual, there will be a Saturday noontime Luncheon.   The Banquet will be held Saturday evening at 7:00 pm.   We will begin precisely at 8:30 a.m. on Sunday, August 12, and adjourn around 12:00 noon.


Please make your reservations by calling the Marriott Hotel reservations at (800) 593-6465 or (803) 771-7000 and inform the reservationist you are reserving a room for the National Federation of the Blind of South Carolina state convention. The Marriott hotel has also made available a reservation link to book your room online. The link is: Book your group rate for National Federation of the Blind of SC 2018 . Book your group rate for National Federation of the Blind of SC 2018


Be sure to make your reservations as soon as possible, but no later than July 15. While this is the cut-off date for the NFB of SC room block, rooms will not last that long. For those who are arriving Thursday, August 9, the same room rates will apply.   It is strongly recommended that you immediately make your reservations to be assured of room accommodations.


The Hotel is obligated to retain the block of rooms reserved by the NFB of SC until July 15. After that time, reservations will be honored if there are still available accommodations.


Please be sure to be clear on the type of reservation you want–one, two, three or four person rooms, etc.–and be sure to specify that this is for the NFB of SC Convention to get these special rates.


If you pay in advance, your reservation will be guaranteed; however, you will not have to pay as long as you arrive by 6:00 p.m. Any amount you pay, of course, will be applied toward your bill.


We will have door prize drawings as usual. Lenora Robertson of Rock Hill is the Chairperson of the Door Prize Committee. All door prizes should be given to Lenora at the State Convention.   See you in Columbia on August 10!


Senior Retreat 2018


Learn to Live the Life You Want



Learn from experienced blind instructors techniques and skills of blindness to enhance your quality of life. Become empowered­ remain independent and actively engage in hobbies, work and social activities with confidence.

The Senior Division of the National Federation of the Blind is sponsoring our first Senior Retreat for legally blind seniors with a strong desire to learn nonvisual techniques to enhance and enrich their quality of life.


Where: Rocky Bottom, South Carolina This is a beautiful rural setting with great hiking and fishing opportunities.


When: October 14-20, 2018


Cost: $300.00 per attendee. Please note this is the cost of the training. The nearest airport is Greenville, South Carolina. Transportation from the airport to Rocky Bottom and again, back to the airport will be provided. Participants must make all other transportation arrangements and pay these expenses.


Classes Offered:

Cane Travel,

Cooking and Daily Living Skills,

Basic Computer Literacy and Technology Training, Adjustment to Blindness Seminars, Braille and Tactile Labeling Techniques, Problem-Solving Strategies.


To Apply: Send an email to

rsager78@gmail.com or call Ruth Sager at 410 602-9030 or write:

7634 Carla Road,

Pikesville, MD 21208 for a paper application.

Submit any questions or comments to the above addresses or phone number. All applications must be received by August 15, 2018. Money is due by September 1, 2018 to:


NFB Senior Division

CstO Duncan Larsen

Colorado Center for the Blind,

2233 Shepperd Ave.

Littleton, CO 80120

Please note that all applicants will be interviewed by Board members of the Senior Division upon receiving a completed application.

You will then be notified if you are a successful candidate.

Space is limited so do not delay in applying and filling out your application.





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Dear fellow Federationists:   The National Federation of the Blind has created a rideshare testing program to measure Lyft and Uber’s efforts to eliminate driver discrimination against riders with guide dogs or service animals. Recent agreements with these two major ridesharing companies require the National Federation of the Blind to provide feedback, over the next three to five years, on the efforts they have agreed to undertake to prevent discrimination against service animal users.   Here’s where you come in. If you use Uber or Lyft and have a service animal or travel with someone who has a service animal, we need your help. Fill out our online questionnaire after your next Uber or Lyft ride, and as often as you can after that. We would love feedback from regular Uber and Lyft users at least once a month, about both positive and negative experiences. You will find the questionnaire at https://nfb.org/rideshare-test.   Extensive information about the program is available in the May issue of the Braille Monitor. You can also visit nfb.org/rideshare for more information, including an extensive FAQ, information on how to report discrimination to Uber and Lyft directly as well as through our questionnaire, and a list of the questions we’ll ask so you can be thinking about them when you take your next ride.   Please share this information with fellow Uber and Lyft users with guide dogs or other service animals, including non-members of the National Federation of the Blind.   If you have questions that are not answered by the resources above, contact Valerie Yingling, Legal Program Coordinator, at the National Federation of the Blind Jernigan Institute, at (410) 659-9314 extension 2440, or vyingling@nfb.org.   Thanks in advance for your assistance with this important effort.   Sincerely,   The National Federation of the Blind Communications Team     Christopher S. Danielsen, J.D. Director of Public Relations 200 East Wells Street, Baltimore, MD 21230 (410) 659-9314, Ext. 2330 | cdanielsen@nfb.org

Braille Monitor

Do you receive the Braille Monitor?  Have you heard of the Braille Monitor?  Anyone can receive this magazine.


What is the Braille Monitor? We share what’s going on in the Federation. We talk about the problems blind people face and how they have gotten around them. Why are there so few blind people in the theater and on television. The Braille Monitor has been explaining the problem and looking to the hearts and minds of our people to figure out how to crash through this glass ceiling. When do simulations of blindness help and when do they hurt us? This we have been exploring in the pages of the magazine you and I share. What is it like to feel afraid to travel, and how does it feel when you realize you can? Your magazine tells this story again and again, both because it is an important story and because there are so many variations of it that reach the hearts of blind and sighted people.


Please subscribe to your magazine. You can get it in Braille, in print, or on a thumb drive with recorded audio in a great human voice. You can read it on NFB-Newsline, through email, on the web as HTML, or on the web as audio. We make each issue a podcast you can find by searching for the Braille Monitor.


How do you subscribe? Start by sending an email to publications@nfb.org and telling us whether you want Braille, audio, print, or email. We will see that you get the Braille Monitor in the form you desire. Don’t forget that we also want your contributions. Send them to me by writing to gwunder@nfb.org. You may also call me at 410-659-9314, extension 2360.


We enjoy a common bond in the Federation, and our joint effort works best when we share our knowledge, our hopes, and our dreams. Our magazine tries to do this, and we need you as readers and contributors. Thank you for inviting me into your chapter meeting and for giving me the time to ask that you talk about and subscribe to the magazine that is for you and depends on your readership and your written contributions.





Gary Wunder, editor



Code of Conduct

Frank Coppel, President





  1. Introduction

The National Federation of the Blind of South Carolina is part of a nationwide community of members and friends who believe in the hopes and dreams of the nation’s blind. The Federation knows that blindness is not the characteristic that defines you or your future. Every day we raise the expectations of blind people, because low expectations create obstacles between blind people and our dreams. You can live the life you want; blindness is not what holds you back. To help carry out the Federation’s vital mission, this Code of Conduct sets forth policies and standards that all members, especially Federation leaders, are expected to adopt and follow.


  1. Diversity Policy

The National Federation of the Blind of South Carolina embraces diversity and full participation as core values in its mission to achieve equality, opportunity, and security for the blind. We are committed to building and maintaining a statewide organization with local chapters and divisions that is unified in its priorities and programs and is directed by the membership. We respect differences of opinion, beliefs, identities, and other characteristics that demonstrate that blind people are a diverse cross section of society. Furthermore, the organization is dedicated to continuing to establish new methods of membership and leadership development that reflect the diversity of the entire blind community. In promoting a diverse and growing organization, we expect integrity and honesty in our relationships with each other and openness to learning about and experiencing cultural diversity. We believe that these qualities are crucial to fostering social and intellectual maturity. Intellectual maturity also requires individual struggle with unfamiliar ideas. We recognize that our views and convictions will be challenged, and we expect this challenge to take place in a climate of tolerance and mutual respect in order to maintain a united organization. While we encourage the exchange of differing ideas and experiences, we do not condone the use of demeaning, derogatory, or discriminatory language, action, or any other form of expression intended to marginalize an individual or group. The National Federation of the Blind does not tolerate discrimination on the basis of race, creed, color, religion, gender identity and expression, sexual orientation, national origin, citizenship, marital status, age, genetic information, disability, or any other characteristic or intersectionality of characteristics.


III. Non-Discrimination and Anti-Harassment Policy

The National Federation of the Blind of South Carolina will not tolerate discrimination on the basis of race, creed, color, religion, gender identity and expression, sexual orientation, national origin, citizenship, marital status, age, genetic information, disability, or any other characteristic or intersectionality of characteristics. Harassment on the basis of any of these characteristics similarly will not be tolerated. Although this Code of Conduct establishes a minimum standard prohibiting discrimination and harassment, nothing in this Code should be interpreted to limit in any way a person’s right to report abuse or harassment to law enforcement when appropriate.

Sexual harassment is prohibited by state and federal law and also will not be tolerated by the National Federation of the Blind of South Carolina. Complaints of harassment may be lodged by a female against a male, by a female against a female, by a male against a male, or by a male against a female. Sexual harassment is defined as “unwelcome sexual advances, request for sexual favors, sexually motivated physical contact, or other verbal or physical conduct or communication of a sexual nature.” The following conduct is either considered conduct that by itself is sexual harassment, or that has the potential risk of causing sexual harassment to occur, and this conduct is therefore prohibited:

  • unwelcome inappropriate physical contact or touching;
  • repeating of sexually suggestive jokes/references/innuendoes and comments about an individual’s body/sexual prowess/physical attributes/dress;
  • the use of sexually derogatory language/pictures/videos toward/about another person;
  • the use of inappropriate sexual gestures;
  • sexually suggestive propositions; and
  • explicit or implicit threats that failure to submit will have negative consequences.


Under this policy, harassment can be verbal, written, or physical conduct that denigrates or shows hostility or aversion toward an individual because of his or her race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, national origin, age, disability, marital status, citizenship, genetic information, or any other characteristic protected by law; or that of his or her relatives, friends, or associates, and that a) has the purpose or effect of creating an intimidating, hostile or offensive environment; b) has the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with an individual’s performance or involvement in the organization; or c) otherwise adversely affects an individual’s opportunities for participation/advancement in the organization.

Harassing conduct includes epithets, slurs, or negative stereotyping; threatening, intimidating or hostile acts including bullying; denigrating jokes; and written or graphic material that denigrates or shows hostility or aversion toward an individual or group that is placed on walls or elsewhere on the organization’s premises or circulated by email, phone (including voice messages), text messages, social networking sites, or other means.




  1. Social Media and Web Policy

All members of the Federation, but especially officers and board members of the National Federation of the Blind of South Carolina as well as those in leadership positions such as chapter and division presidents, should follow these recommended guidelines when making comments online, posting to a blog, using Facebook/Twitter/LinkedIn/YouTube/Pinterest/Instagram/similar tools, and/or using other platforms that fall under the definition of social media:

  • Promote the mission and branding message of the organization in comments/posts.
  • Recognize that you are morally and legally responsible for comments/pictures posted online.
  • Be aware that the audience includes members and nonmembers of the NFB, both youth and adults, representing diverse cultures and backgrounds.
  • Refrain from using profanity/derogatory language.
  • Post/respond with integrity. Though you may disagree with a post, be respectful and factual. Do not fight or air personal grievances online.
  • Do not post materials that are inappropriate for children/minors to view/share/read.


  1. Conflict of Interest Policy

Each NFB of South Carolina officer, board member, or chapter or division president (hereafter Federation leader) is expected to take appropriate responsibility to protect the Federation from misappropriation or mismanagement of Federation funds (including funds of the affiliate, chapter, or division in which the Federation leader assumes a leadership role).

Each Federation leader is expected to disclose the existence of any potentially conflicting personal financial interest or relationship to the full National Federation of the Blind of South Carolina  Board of Directors and seek its review and approval, as specified below. For example:

  • A Federation leader must seek board review and approval of his or her receipt of salary or compensation of any kind from the Federation (including an affiliate, chapter, or division).
  • A Federation leader must seek board review and approval of receipt by his or her spouse, parent, child, sibling, or other close relative of salary or compensation of any kind from the Federation (including an affiliate, chapter, or division).
  • A Federation leader must seek board review and approval of any ownership interest exceeding 5 percent in or of any salary, compensation, commission, or significant tangible gift from any commercial venture doing business or seeking to do business with the Federation (including an affiliate, chapter, or division). This process will also apply to the review of such interests involving spouses, parents, children, siblings, or other close relatives.
  • In reviewing matters brought pursuant to this section, the officer or board member seeking state board review and approval will refrain from voting.
  • Each Federation leader shall take appropriate steps to avoid unauthorized or inaccurate appearances or official endorsement by the Federation (including an affiliate, chapter, or division) of any product, service, or activity that has not been so endorsed. For example, because the Federation never endorses political parties or candidates for elected office, any Federation leader participating in the political process must take care to avoid creating an appearance of official Federation endorsement.


  1. Policy While Interacting with Minors

For purposes of this Code of Conduct and consistent with most legal standards, a minor is any individual under the age of eighteen. While interacting with any minor, a state officer, board member, or chapter or division president (hereafter Federation leader) shall recognize that a minor cannot legally give consent for any purpose even if said minor is verbally or otherwise expressing consent. For example, a minor may say that he/ or she consents to physical interaction. However, such consent is not valid or legal and should not be accepted. A parent or guardian must be informed and consulted about any action requiring consent from the minor. A Federation leader shall report any inappropriate interactions between adults and minors to the minor’s parents and law enforcement when appropriate.


VII. Alcohol and Drug Policy

Although alcoholic beverages are served at some Federation social functions, members and Federation leaders may not participate in any such functions in a condition that prevents them from participating safely and from conducting Federation business effectively or that might cause embarrassment to or damage the reputation of the Federation. The Federation prohibits the possession, sale, purchase, delivery, dispensing, use, or transfer of illegal substances on Federation property or at Federation functions.


VIII. Other General Principles

In addition to the other policies and standards set-forth herein, state officers, state board members, and chapter and division presidents (hereafter Federation leaders) shall adhere to the following standards:


  • Federation leaders shall practice accountability and transparency in all activities and transactions.
  • Federation leaders shall foster a welcoming environment at NFB meetings, events, and conferences that is a cooperative and productive atmosphere for all members and nonmembers.
  • Federation leaders shall interact with NFB staff in a professional manner and follow proper channels of authority and communication.
  • Federation leaders shall positively promote the NFB through verbal and written communication.
  • Whenever possible, Federation leaders and members are strongly encouraged to handle conflicts or complaints involving other members privately, directly, and respectfully. Nothing in this standard is intended to limit a Federation leader’s or member’s right to pursue organizational change through appropriate methods or to limit anyone’s right to file a complaint for violation of this Code when necessary.


  1. Violations and Complaint Procedure

Violations of this Code of Conduct, after first being established through the process set-forth below, are subject to disciplinary action by the Federation. Such disciplinary actions may include but are not limited to counselling, verbal and/or written reprimand, probation, suspension or termination of officer/leadership duties, and/or suspension or expulsion from the Federation.

  • Any complaint for a violation of this Code of Conduct shall be filed with the state president. The state president shall appoint a committee of no more than four persons to investigate the complaint and provide a recommendation for action or lack thereof. The committee shall be comprised of persons not directly involved in the matters being raised and who can be completely unbiased about the individuals and issues addressed in the complaint. Every effort shall be made to appoint a committee reflecting the broad diversity of individuals in the Federation. The state president shall inform the national President in a timely fashion of any complaints filed and report on the resolution of such complaints.
  • Complaints shall be treated as confidential in order to protect the identity and reputation of the person about whom the complaint is filed and the person filing the complaint.
  • All complaints shall be filed as promptly as possible. Except under extreme circumstances, no complaint shall be accepted or investigated after a year from the time of the alleged violation of this Code.
  • Complaints that turn out to be false and used for the purpose of harassing, intimidating, or retaliating against someone will be subject to the same kind of disciplinary action enumerated above.
  • Any person dissatisfied with the resolution of a complaint may file an appeal with the National Federation of the Blind of South Carolina Board of Directors, which may, in its discretion, take such action as it deems necessary. If a person is still dissatisfied, such person may raise the matter to the national board of directors, which may, in its discretion, take whatever action it deems necessary. No national or state board member shall participate in the consideration of an appeal under this Code if such board member is the subject of the complaint or if such board member cannot be completely unbiased, impartial, and fair while considering the matter.


  1. Minimum Standard

This Code of Conduct is intended to recite a minimum set of standards expected of Federation members. It sets forth the spirit that the Federation expects of all of its participants toward each other and toward those who work with the Federation at all of its levels. It is intended to be interpreted broadly to instill a respectful, cooperative, and welcoming spirit in members and in the activities of the Federation.


  1. Federation Pledge and Acknowledgement of Code of Conduct

I, (Federation leader), pledge to participate actively in the efforts of the National Federation of the Blind to achieve equality, opportunity, and security for the blind; to support the policies and programs of the Federation; and to abide by its Constitution. I further acknowledge that I have read this Code of Conduct and that I will follow its policies, standards, and principles.



Note: The Board of Directors of the National Federation of the Blind unanimously adopted this Code of Conduct on January 26, 2018. In adopting this Code, the Board expressed its clear intent that this Code shall be reviewed annually or at any other time as necessary.

The Art of Seeing



The startup is the brainchild of photographer John Olson, who says he wanted to help blind people experience visual art. Olson began his career as a war photographer at age 21, and was the youngest photographer ever hired to the staff of Life magazine.


Museums hire 3DPhotoWorks to give tactile surfaces to artworks in their collection. However, the company converted Van Gogh’s Portrait of Dr. Gachet and Emanuel Leutze’s Washington Crossing the Delaware to tactile art as proof-of-concept pieces.


To create the tactile art, Olson hired Quattrociocchi, who was designing digital printers at the time. Quattrociocchi created a printer for the startup that could provide tactile details “down to the brushstroke.”


A graphic designer replicates a painting’s brushstrokes on a computer program. When printed, the brushstrokes are several millimeters deep—large enough to be felt.


Quattrociocchi essentially reengineered a large inkjet printer to add more depth and detail. The company holds multiple patents for the technology.


The first part of the printing process requires a bit of manual work. A high-resolution, color-perfect copy of the original artwork is first uploaded to a computer. Then, a 3-D conversion specialist augments the piece by digitally adding depth so the art appears three-dimensional. For a portrait, for example, facial features become more sculpted and contoured.


The updated 2-D file is then printed at a size of 150 by 300 centimeters, at depths of up to 50 mm. Most printers allow for depths to only 5 mm.


Based on feedback from those who have touched the works, the team learned that people are more sensitive to textures than to shapes. Textures provide stronger mental images, so Quattrociocchi is working on adding greater texture to his pieces.


The works might be more vivid for those who became blind or visually impaired later in life—they’re able to recall colors and objects they’ve seen before. However, the works also can help those born blind to “see” art for the first time.





Why does 3DPhotoWorks make its tactile art pieces in color? The exhibits are for sighted people, too, Quattrociocchi notes. They also can experience the art by feeling it. And most legally blind people have some degree of vision, however slight, he adds.


The company hopes to work with science centers and zoos in the coming years, helping students learn about science, technology, engineering, and math through touch.


The original idea for the company was to develop artwork that people could buy to hang in their homes, but the process has proven too expensive. As Quattrociocchi continues to automate his approach, however, he hopes the art will become more affordable.


Click on the below link for a video.




Message from President Riccobono to the NFB of SC

As I wrote in the April 11, Positive note, those of us who attended our National Center the weekend of April 6-8, listened to an excellent message delivered by President Riccobono as he officially welcomed us to the National Center.  Please listen to the below audio file.  I think you will find it very informative and meaningful. 



message to south carolina

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To purchase KNFB Reader, please visit www.nfb.org/knfbreader

Website Updates

Welcome to the new home of the NFB of South Carolina. Our website is currently being updated. Please keep checking back often for updates as we continue to move forward.